The ethical principles upheld by the Holy Quran.!

//The ethical principles upheld by the Holy Quran.!
//The ethical principles upheld by the Holy Quran.!

The ethical principles upheld by the Holy Quran.!

The Qur’an aimed to elevate the people who were living in a primitive and animalistic manner, by presenting them with a vision of humanity. It provided a comprehensive set of moral and human values that were necessary to dispel the ignorance and darkness of Jahiliyyah in all aspects of life. The primary aim of the Qur’an was to guide individuals towards enlightenment and empower them to reach a state of divine elevation. In a similar vein, the Vedic verses acted as a guiding light, illuminating the path for humanity to transcend their animalistic nature and attain spiritual equilibrium. Both texts acknowledge the existence of a supreme being who is the creator of all universes. Quran says:

“وَلَقَدۡ كَرَّمۡنَا بَنِيٓ ءَادَمَ وَحَمَلۡنَٰهُمۡ فِي ٱلۡبَرِّ وَٱلۡبَحۡرِ وَرَزَقۡنَٰهُم مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَٰتِ وَفَضَّلۡنَٰهُمۡ عَلَىٰ كَثِيرٖ مِّمَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا


“We have honoured the sons Of Adam; provided them With transport on land and sea; Given them for sustenance things Good and pure; and conferred On them special favours, Above a great part Of Our Creation”(17:70).

The human race is bestowed with a great honor and elevation through the teachings of the Qur’an. Its purpose is to purify man from the vices that lead to exploitation and to establish a foundation for his emancipation. Allah’s purification process extends to all aspects of life, revealing the detrimental effects of evil and the magnificence of a life free from it, resulting in a prosperous and triumphant existence.

The Qur’an says: ‘ But he hath made no haste On the path that is steep., And what will explain To thee the path that is steep ? (It is : ) freeing the bondman ; Or the giving of food In a day of privation, To the orphan With claims of relationship, Or to the indigent (Down) in the dust’ (90:11-16).

Furthermore, the Qur’an portrays the prophets as leaders who waged a battle against wickedness. For instance, Prophet Lut (pbuh) was entrusted with the responsibility of guiding the Sadum community towards righteousness, despite their indulgence in immoral practices and their adherence to polytheism. “We also (sent) Lut: he said to his people: “Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you?, For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds “ (7:80-81). Prophet Yusuf (A.W) imparts a valuable lesson to the society, emphasizing the importance of forgiveness towards one’s enemies and responding to evil with acts of kindness. The inhabitants of Madyan, situated between the regions of Hijaz and Palestine, were known for their polytheistic beliefs, dishonest practices in trade, and manipulation of measurements and weights to deceive others. In order to guide them towards righteousness, Prophet Shuaib (A.W) was chosen as their leader. The diligent efforts of Prophet Musa (A.W.) to liberate the people of Israel from the enslavement of Pharaoh are evident. The advent of Muhammadian prophethood can be regarded as the culmination of these endeavors:

“كَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا فِيكُمۡ رَسُولٗا مِّنكُمۡ يَتۡلُواْ عَلَيۡكُمۡ ءَايَٰتِنَا وَيُزَكِّيكُمۡ وَيُعَلِّمُكُمُ ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ وَٱلۡحِكۡمَةَ وَيُعَلِّمُكُم مَّا لَمۡ تَكُونُواْ تَعۡلَمُونَ”•

‘A similar (favor have ye already received) in that We have sent among you an Apostle of your own rehearsing to you Our signs and sanctifying you and instructing you in Scripture and wisdom and in new Knowledge’ (2:151).

He received instruction from him on the essence of virtue. The Qur’an emphasizes the importance of taking into account the thoughts and emotions of those around us when engaging in teaching and guiding others. During a speech given by the Muslim leader Ja’far bin Abitwalib in the palace, in the presence of the Quraysh leaders who had sought the intervention of the king of Najjashi to secure the release of the Muslim migrants in Ethiopia, the focus was on providing an accurate depiction of the profound human and moral changes brought about by the Prophet (S.W) in Arabia.!

The individuals were counseled to devote their worship solely to a singular deity and forsake the customary practice of venerating images and idols. Rasool (S.W) imparted teachings on the importance of honesty, upholding agreements, valuing familial bonds, displaying compassion towards neighbors, and refraining from engaging in acts of violence and malevolence. It is evident that Manusmriti (8:41) mandates that the king should make a judgment after carefully considering the dharmas based on caste, land, rank, This can be contrasted with the statement made by the Prophet, which states that ‘Fathima, the daughter of Muhammad, would willingly sever her own hand, regardless of its thickness’. Furthermore, the Holy Qur’an assesses Abraham (as) as the most eminent individual, despite the fact that it criticizes him for marrying his brother’s daughter and sending him to the company of men (Genesis 11:27-27). The Qur’an emphasizes that Abraham is a role model and it is incumbent upon believers to emulate his actions.

Although Christianity generally views marriage as a necessary burden (1 Cor 7:38, 7:27, 7:8), the Qur’an presents marriage as a path to righteousness (Quran 13:38). In contrast, the Old and New Testament diminish the role of women by incorporating the tale of the into their narratives, portraying women as the initial instruments of evil who deceived men. However, the Qur’an offers salvation to women from this predicament, as it contains numerous verses that uplift and empower them. The coherent moral teachings of the Holy Qur’an have been widely recognized by those who have dedicated their studies to it. Additionally, we have the valuable insights of influential thinkers who have made significant contributions to the world. One such example is Leopold Weiss, who later became renowned as ‘Muhammed Asad’: ‘ Islam is not merely a specific doctrine, but rather a remarkable and consistent collection of ethical teachings and a pragmatic blueprint for living. These teachings, bestowed upon humanity by Prophet Muhammad, are truly invaluable and extend beyond the confines of the Muslim community. S. Radhakrishnan astutely observed that Islam’s notion of brotherhood is unparalleled in numerous other faiths, as it surpasses the boundaries of race and nationality.

The Qur’an has effectively eradicated the immoral practices that were prevalent in various aspects of human life. Remarkably, the Qur’an has continued to keep a vast number of individuals from falling prey to alcohol addiction. The correlation between alcohol consumption and criminal activities has been extensively researched and documented. Studies have revealed that alcohol is a significant factor in 60 percent of murder cases and 40 percent of rape cases. Only Islam enforces a complete ban on alcohol consumption. No other belief system or ideology encompasses the moral teachings and human values that are exclusively found in the Qur’an and Sunnah. The Arabian desert, once deemed infertile and devoid of remarkable individuals for countless years, miraculously gave rise to numerous exceptional men who went on to become influential world leaders. These extraordinary individuals ventured to the farthest reaches of the globe, imparting lessons on justice, righteousness, culture, and ethics to humanity as a whole. The essence of the Qur’an resonates within every endeavor to uphold justice and righteousness. Similar to a radiant beacon illuminating the obscurity of a moonless night, or a precious jewel gleaming amidst a heap of ordinary stones, the teachings of the Holy Qur’an thrive in the presence of those who earnestly seek the path of truth.!


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